東京都健康安全研究センター
about surveillance (Surveillance System in Tokyo, Japan)

The diseases which all physicians must report

All physicians must report to health centers the incidence of the diseases which are shown below. Health centers electronically report the individual case to Tokyo Metropolitan Infectious Disease Surveillance Center.

 

Category I:

Ebola hemorrhagic fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Smallpox, South American hemorrhagic fever, Plague, Marburg disease, Lassa fever

 

 Category II:

Acute poliomyelitis, Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome(SARS) , Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) , Avian Influenza(H5N1) , Avian Influenza(H7N9)

 

Category III:

Cholera , Shigellosis, Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli infection, Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever

 

 Category IV:

Hepatitis E , West Nile fever , Hepatitis A , Echinococcosis , Yellow fever , Psittacosis ,
Omsk hemorrhagic fever , Relapsing fever , Kyasanur forest disease , Q fever , Rabies ,
Coccidioidomycosis , Monkeypox , Zika Virus Infection , Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome , Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome , Western equine encephalitis , Tick-borne encephalitis , Anthrax , Chikungunya fever , Scrub typhus(Tsutsugamushi disease) , Dengue fever , Eastern equine encephalitis , Avian influenza(excluding H5N1) , Nipah virus infection , Japanese spotted fever , Japanese encephalitis , Epidemic typhus , Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome , Herpes B virus infection , Glanders , Brucellosis , Venezuelan equine encephalitis , Hendra virus infection , Botulism , Malaria , Tularemia , Lyme disease , Lyssavirus infection(excluding rabies) , Rift valley fever , Melioidosis , Legionellosis , Leptospirosis , Rocky mountain spotted fever

 

Category V:

Amebiasis , Viral hepatitis(excluding hepatitis A and E) , Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Infection , Acute encephalitis(excluding JE and WNE) ,
Cryptosporidiosis ,Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease , Severe invasive streptococcal infections(TSLS) , Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) , Giardiasis , Invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease, Invasive meningococcal disease , Invasive pneumoniae disease, Chickenpox(hospitalized case only), Congenital rubella syndrome , Syphilis , Disseminated cryptococcosis , Tetanus , Vancomycin-resistant S. aureus infection ,
Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus infection , Rubella , Measles , Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection

 

Sentinel-Reported surveillance

The numbers of patients who visit designated clinics or hospitals during a week are reported to health centers (There are 31 in Tokyo).
And they electronically report the numbers to Tokyo Metropolitan Infectious Disease Surveillance Center.
We have about 260 fixed points (clinics and hospitals) in Tokyo.

(*) 1st Week is early January and 52nd Week is end of December.

 

Diseases:

Respiratory syncytial virus infection, Pharyngoconjunctival fever, Group A streptococcal pharyngitis,
Infectious gastroenteritis, Chickenpox, Hand, foot and mouth disease, Erythema infectiosum, Exanthem subitum,
Pertussis, Herpangina, Mumps, Kawasaki disease, Cold with exanthems by Enterovirus,
Influenza, Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, Bacterial meningitis, Aseptic meningitis,
Mycoplasma pneumonia, Chlamydial pneumonia(excluding psittacosis), Infectious gastroenteritis (only by Rotavirus), 
Influenza-Associated Hospitalizations

 

 

 

 

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